manpage - Hvor er 'man'-programmet for Windows (Program for at åbne UNIX man sider)?

Indlæg af Hanne Mølgaard Plasc

Problem



Jeg leder efter Windows-eksekverbar til Linux-man (manuel læser).


Jeg forsøgte at google rundt, men blev frustreret over de slags resultater, det kom op på grund af at 'mand' er sådan en fælles sætning.


Jeg har resultater, der læser 'mand henrettet i texas ..'.


Så jeg ser nu til SO-samfundet. Eventuelle spor?





Her er mit behov: Jeg har Portable Git på Windows. Det har en bash-vinduer binær. Men når det forsøger at vise mig hjælp til nogle kommandoer, klager den stakkels ting, at 'der er ingen manuel læser'. Så hvis jeg får en mand binær, jeg vil placere den i bin/mappen og alle vil være hunky-dory.

Bedste reference


Hvis du søger at åbne linux stil man sider i Windows, så få Groff for Windows til at se mandsiderne på din kommandolinje som følger: [19]


groff -Tascii -mm your\_file | more

Andre referencer 1


HJÆLP er den tilsvarende Windows-kommando for mand. For eksempel:


C:> HELP
For more information on a specific command, type HELP command-name
ASSOC          Displays or modifies file extension associations.
ATTRIB         Displays or changes file attributes.
BREAK          Sets or clears extended CTRL+C checking.
BCDEDIT        Sets properties in boot database to control boot loading.
CACLS          Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
CALL           Calls one batch program from another.
CD             Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHCP           Displays or sets the active code page number.
CHDIR          Displays the name of or changes the current directory.
CHKDSK         Checks a disk and displays a status report.
CHKNTFS        Displays or modifies the checking of disk at boot time.
CLS            Clears the screen.
CMD            Starts a new instance of the Windows command interpreter.
COLOR          Sets the default console foreground and background colors.
COMP           Compares the contents of two files or sets of files.
COMPACT        Displays or alters the compression of files on NTFS partitions.
CONVERT        Converts FAT volumes to NTFS.  You cannot convert the
               current drive.
COPY           Copies one or more files to another location.
DATE           Displays or sets the date.
DEL            Deletes one or more files.
DIR            Displays a list of files and subdirectories in a directory.
DISKCOMP       Compares the contents of two floppy disks.
DISKCOPY       Copies the contents of one floppy disk to another.
DISKPART       Displays or configures Disk Partition properties.
DOSKEY         Edits command lines, recalls Windows commands, and 
               creates macros.
DRIVERQUERY    Displays current device driver status and properties.
ECHO           Displays messages, or turns command echoing on or off.
ENDLOCAL       Ends localization of environment changes in a batch file.
ERASE          Deletes one or more files.
EXIT           Quits the CMD.EXE program (command interpreter).
FC             Compares two files or sets of files, and displays the 
               differences between them.
FIND           Searches for a text string in a file or files.
FINDSTR        Searches for strings in files.
FOR            Runs a specified command for each file in a set of files.
FORMAT         Formats a disk for use with Windows.
FSUTIL         Displays or configures the file system properties.
FTYPE          Displays or modifies file types used in file extension 
               associations.
GOTO           Directs the Windows command interpreter to a labeled line in 
               a batch program.
GPRESULT       Displays Group Policy information for machine or user.
GRAFTABL       Enables Windows to display an extended character set in 
               graphics mode.
HELP           Provides Help information for Windows commands.
ICACLS         Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and 
               directories.
IF             Performs conditional processing in batch programs.
LABEL          Creates, changes, or deletes the volume label of a disk.
MD             Creates a directory.
MKDIR          Creates a directory.
MKLINK         Creates Symbolic Links and Hard Links
MODE           Configures a system device.
MORE           Displays output one screen at a time.
MOVE           Moves one or more files from one directory to another 
               directory.
OPENFILES      Displays files opened by remote users for a file share.
PATH           Displays or sets a search path for executable files.
PAUSE          Suspends processing of a batch file and displays a message.
POPD           Restores the previous value of the current directory saved by 
               PUSHD.
PRINT          Prints a text file.
PROMPT         Changes the Windows command prompt.
PUSHD          Saves the current directory then changes it.
RD             Removes a directory.
RECOVER        Recovers readable information from a bad or defective disk.
REM            Records comments (remarks) in batch files or CONFIG.SYS.
REN            Renames a file or files.
RENAME         Renames a file or files.
REPLACE        Replaces files.
RMDIR          Removes a directory.
ROBOCOPY       Advanced utility to copy files and directory trees
SET            Displays, sets, or removes Windows environment variables.
SETLOCAL       Begins localization of environment changes in a batch file.
SC             Displays or configures services (background processes).
SCHTASKS       Schedules commands and programs to run on a computer.
SHIFT          Shifts the position of replaceable parameters in batch files.
SHUTDOWN       Allows proper local or remote shutdown of machine.
SORT           Sorts input.
START          Starts a separate window to run a specified program or command.
SUBST          Associates a path with a drive letter.
SYSTEMINFO     Displays machine specific properties and configuration.
TASKLIST       Displays all currently running tasks including services.
TASKKILL       Kill or stop a running process or application.
TIME           Displays or sets the system time.
TITLE          Sets the window title for a CMD.EXE session.
TREE           Graphically displays the directory structure of a drive or 
               path.
TYPE           Displays the contents of a text file.
VER            Displays the Windows version.
VERIFY         Tells Windows whether to verify that your files are written
               correctly to a disk.
VOL            Displays a disk volume label and serial number.
XCOPY          Copies files and directory trees.
WMIC           Displays WMI information inside interactive command shell.

For more information on tools see the command-line reference in the online help.


Her er et andet eksempel:


C:> HELP SET
Displays, sets, or removes cmd.exe environment variables.

SET [variable=[string**]

  variable  Specifies the environment-variable name.
  string    Specifies a series of characters to assign to the variable.

...

(I cut several pages worth of information from its output)


Det giver et væld af oplysninger. Men desværre er det virkelig anderledes end at kalde/? parameter for den applikation, du vil bruge alligevel (dvs.: SET/?).


Men i det mindste kan du finde den applikation, du har brug for uden at kende sit navn ved at bruge følgende:


C:> HELP | find /i "ACL"
CACLS          Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files.
ICACLS         Display, modify, backup, or restore ACLs for files and

Andre referencer 2


Hvis du installerer Cygwin, får du en mandkommando ... Det vil selvfølgelig ikke dække Windows-begreber, men Windows-dokumentation leveres ikke i mandfilformat. [20]

Andre referencer 3


Installer cygwin og indstil stien i Windows kommandoprompt som


indstil PATH=C: \ cygwin \ bin;\% PATH\%


og bare giv 'mand' det skal fungere ..

Andre referencer 4


forudsat at du har indlæst og bruger Windows-subsystemet til Unix-applikationer fra en shell (jeg foretrækker C-shell) er det i/usr/share/man. Bare: [21]


   set MANPATH "/usr/share/man"


i dine .cshrc eller .login startup-filer, og du vil så kunne bruge kommandoen:


   man 1 csh 


for at få manuel information om kommandoen 'csh' fra manuel indstilling 1.


Håber dette hjælper.
                    - Dæk

Andre referencer 5


I Windows vil kommandoerne, der er en del af kommandotolken (cmd.exe), som f.eks. dir, copy, ren og sådanne kommandoer vise nogle hjælpeoplysninger med /? -knappen. [22]


Nogle eksempler:


dir /?
rename /?
copy /?


Dette er en holdbarhed fra DOS-dage, da mange af kommandoer og programmer brugte tilbageslag for kontakterne, og ? blev brugt til at vise brugs- og hjælpoplysninger, således /? -knappen.


Også indtastning af help på kommandotolken vil også vise en liste over alle kommandolytternes kommandoer. help <command\_name> vil også medbringe hjælpefunktioner.


Microsoft indeholder en kommand reference, der har brug og muligheder til rådighed for hver kommando. [23]

Andre referencer 6


I DOS kan du skrive HJÆLP

Andre referencer 7


De fleste Windows-kommandoer har a/h-switch til brug og korte rutinemæssige oplysninger.

Andre referencer 8


Windows Hjælp udgives typisk via .CHM-filer eller online via Microsoft Knowledge Base og MSDN. Der er ikke et centralt værksted, der hjælper med * NIX-systemer.

Andre referencer 9


Skriv kommandoen uden nogen argumenter:


> ping


Vender tilbage:


Usage: ping [-t] [-a] [-n count] [-l size] [-f] [-i TTL] [-v TOS]
            [-r count] [-s count] [**-j host-list] | [-k host-list**]
            [-w timeout] [-R] [-S srcaddr] [-4] [-6] target\_name

Options:
    -t             Ping the specified host until stopped.
                   To see statistics and continue - type Control-Break;
                   To stop - type Control-C.
    -a             Resolve addresses to hostnames.
    -n count       Number of echo requests to send.
    -l size        Send buffer size.
    -f             Set Don't Fragment flag in packet (IPv4-only).
    -i TTL         Time To Live.
    -v TOS         Type Of Service (IPv4-only. This setting has been deprecated
                   and has no effect on the type of service field in the IP Header).
    -r count       Record route for count hops (IPv4-only).
    -s count       Timestamp for count hops (IPv4-only).
    -j host-list   Loose source route along host-list (IPv4-only).
    -k host-list   Strict source route along host-list (IPv4-only).
    -w timeout     Timeout in milliseconds to wait for each reply.
    -R             Use routing header to test reverse route also (IPv6-only). 
    -S srcaddr     Source address to use.
    -4             Force using IPv4.
    -6             Force using IPv6.